Root canal treatment


Root Canal Treatment is a procedure that involves the removing the infected nerve of the decayed tooth and cleaning, filling the root canal space with an inert material.

What is the benefits of Root Canal Treatment?

The main benefit of root canal treatment is that a decayed or fractured or attrited tooth that otherwise might require extraction, can actually be saved to contribute to a healthy and functional dentition and for function for many years in your oral cavity.

The other benefit is cost of saving the tooth by root canal treatment and crown is 4 times more economical than removing and replacing that tooth with dental implants.

What are the Indications for Root Canal Treatment?

  • Severly decayed teeth
  • fractured and discoloured non vital teeth
  • severly attrited teeth with pain and sensitivity
  • Severe sensitivity to hot and cold foods and sweets
  • Spontaneous pain or throbbing while biting
  • Pain stays for a long time after consuming cold things
  • Pain that worsens when you lie down
  • Tooth pain refers to pain in the head and ears as well
  • Tooth sensitivity on consuming sweets
  • Swelling around the tooth
  • Severe decay or an injury that creates an abscess (infection) in the root region
  • Fractured teeth
  • pain that worsens during night time

If you have any of the above listed symptoms, it would be advisable to visit your dentist, since he can tell you whether you have a root canal disease or not, as some of these symptoms can be due to other problems as well.

Age factor for RCT

A tooth that is fully developed can be treated by routine root canal treatment at any age.

In young children the roots of the teeth are still developing. In such children it may be required to first undertake treatment to develop the root or close its wide-open apex and then continue with the root canal treatment subsequently.

Number of visits required to complete Root Canal Treatment

Depending on the involved tooth and infection status it can be completed in a single sitting or may take multiple visits.

How we do root canal treatment in our center?

Great advances have been made in this area of specialization the world over, and include the following techniques, which are used in our Institute:

Using STA-Computerised injection technique for painless and accurate injection
Rotary Endodontics
Cleaning and shaping canals using Endosonic techniques
The use of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) as a retrograde end filling material
The use of resin sealers
The use of thermo-plasticised gutta-percha for filling root canals
single visit endodontics

State of the art gadgets used in our Institute

Digital radiography (RVG) to enhance the accuracy of imaging and reduce exposure to radiation
Apex locator
Magnifying loupes
The treatment

Tooth is made of three layers – the outer layer is strong and hard and is made up of enamel, the intermediate layer is of tough dentin and the inner layer is of soft pulp that contains the nerve ending, blood vessels and others cells which retain the vitality of the tooth.

If dental decay is permitted to progress, it results in a deep cavity that may reach the pulp thereby exposing it to the outer environment. Severe erosion or trauma to the tooth can also cause pulp exposure. When the pulp is exposed to the exterior, it develops inflammation and infection leading to pain. There are two ways to get relief from the pain, either a root canal treatment, or tooth extraction. An endodontically treated tooth can function normally in the mouth. If left untreated the tooth develops pain, swelling, etc, and the infection can spread deeper into the underlying bone. We recommend removing teeth as a very last option because natural teeth are the ones best suited for your mouth.

Post root canal treatment instructions


Do not take anything hard ( nuts , chicken bones ) on the treated area as the rootcanal treated tooth continues to be tender for 2- 3 days after the procedure.

Avoid taking too hot or too cold foods for 2-3 days as the treated tooth will be sensitive for few days .

Do not give any fomentation ( hot / cold ) over the treated area as these may worsen the symptoms .

In case you experience any severe pain or a swelling after the treatment , immediately report back to your dentist .

The temporary filling which is placed might chip off in few pieces which is quiet common . In case the whole of the filling comes out, then report back to your dentist . A new filling can be placed .

Make sure to report to your dentist for the permanent filling and full crowns which follows RCT . This has to be done atleast within a week following rootcanal treatment . Failure to restore the rootcanal treated tooth can lead to fracture of the tooth upon subsequent usage.

Kindly take the full course of the medications prescribed to you by your doctor. Do not stop half way through the course in case your pain subsides .